Medical File: Concussion

Medical File: Concussion
17 September 2018
A concussion is far more than just a bump on the head. It’s a serious traumatic brain injury.

Parents of sports-mad children know the worry about sports field injuries all too well. One of the most worrying injuries is concussion. Here’s how to spot the symptoms of concussion and how to treat it:

What is Concussion?
Concussion is far more than just a bump on the head. It’s a serious traumatic brain injury, most often caused by a severe blow to the head. Concussion often occurs as a result of sporting injuries, car accidents, or similar physical trauma. While your skull offers quite a high level of protection for your brain, it must be remembered that, within your skull, your brain is cushioned by fluid. A severe jolt can cause it to move around, causing bruising, nerve injury, and other types of injuries.

Symptoms of Concussion
Concussion can be difficult to diagnose, so it’s better to be overly cautious if you’re concerned. Some concussion symptoms may not be immediately recognisable and may not appear until days later. The following symptoms are relatively typical of a concussion injury:

  • Dizziness
  • Confusion and clumsiness
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Balance-related problems
  • Blurred vision
  • Light or noise sensitivity
  • Memory loss and difficulty concentrating

What to Do
If your child or loved one does bump their head quite seriously, it’s best to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Head to the hospital emergency room immediately, so your child or loved one can be assessed. In case of a serious concussion, a CT scan, or MRI, may be recommended. Your child or loved one may be admitted to hospital for observation, or you may be able to take them home later on. If they are discharged, be sure to monitor them carefully for at least 24 hours.

LifeDoc Can Help
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